Asbestos is the name given to a group of minerals that occur naturally in the environment as bundles of fibers that can be separated into thin, durable threads. These fibers are resistant to heat, fire, and chemicals and do not conduct electricity. For these reasons, asbestos has been used widely in many industries, including the building and construction industries for roofing, fireproofing, sound absorption and thermal system insulation. Asbestos has also been used in other building materials such as ceiling and floor tiles, adhesives, leveling compounds, drywall joint compound, plaster, pipe insulation, and cement board siding and shingles.
People may be exposed to asbestos if asbestos containing products are disturbed and tiny asbestos fibers are released into the air. When asbestos fibers are breathed in, they may get trapped in the lungs and remain there for a long time. Over time, these fibers can accumulate and cause scarring and inflammation, which can affect breathing and lead to serious health problems, including cancer.
RAPCA enforces federal, state, and local asbestos regulations to protect the public from asbestos fibers that may become airborne if strict adherence to regulations is not followed when a building is being renovated or demolished.
Owners and/or contractors are required to comply with asbestos regulations. Before any type of renovation or demolition project is to begin, you must determine if it is subject to the asbestos regulations.
Is my project subject to asbestos regulations?
Your project is subject to the asbestos regulations if either one of the following conditions applies:
- Your structure is considered a facility, as defined by Ohio Administrative Code Rule (OAC) 3745-20-01(B)(18), and meets the definition of a “renovation” or “demolition” activity, as defined by OAC 3745-20-01(B)(13) and (44) and (44), OR
- Your project is subject to the pdf Montgomery County Asbestos Regulations (7.87 MB) (Rule 150), which includes smaller buildings, including residential structures with 50 feet or more of regulated asbestos containing materials. Please use the pdf residential flow chart (238 KB) to determine applicability of structures within Montgomery County.
What do I need to do if my project is subject to the asbestos regulations?
If your project is subject to the asbestos regulations, you are required to do three things:
- Have a thorough asbestos survey performed on the facility by a licensed asbestos hazard evaluation specialist (AHES). A list of AHES’s is available on the Ohio Department of Health’s website
- Submit an Ohio EPA Notification of Demolition and Renovation form*. There are two versions of this form available –
an electronic fillable Word version
that can be printed and completed by hand.
This Notification form is required to be submitted at least ten (10) working days prior to the start of any asbestos abatement or demolition activities and is required to be sent via mail or hand-delivery (faxing is NOT an acceptable method of submittal).
If the project involves multiple addresses, please include the Multi-Structure Attachment Form (page 7 of the above Notification of Demolition and Renovation form) with the original Notification. (Note: a maximum of five (5) properties are allowed per Notification submitted.) If the project involves the emergency demolition of an unsound structure, or cleanup of a razed structure that was unable to have an asbestos survey conducted, please include all required documents as specified in pdf RAPCA’s variance package requirements (53 KB) ,
- Have all regulated asbestos removal projects performed by a licensed asbestos abatement contractor in accordance with all applicable federal, state and local regulations. Please note that notification is required for the demolition of a facility even if no asbestos is present.
*When submitting notifications for projects within Montgomery County, please include the associated fee. pdf View the current view schedule/ (210 KB) .
Special Notice: In November, 2010, RAPCA pdf issued a letter (65 KB) clarifying the regulations regarding demolition of multiple residential structures for urban renewal projects.